Tulloch D.G. 1979
The water buffalo, Bubalus bubalis, in Australia: reproductive and parent-offspring behaviour
Aust. Wild. Res. 6: 265-287
Water buffalo in the Northern Territory of Australia have a well defined breeding season in the wet or very early dry season. The birth of a calf is of major importance for the clan and for the family group of which that clan is a part. A number of calves are left in the care of an adult while their mothers go to graze. The female calf remains with its mother for many years, possibly for the life, but at 2-3 y old the male calf is driven from the group by un adult bull when a cow in the group comes into oestrus. Most buffalo cows will readily adopt an orphan calf and within 8 days it is impossible to distinguish between the orphan and the group calves.
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