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Gaur's track in Cat Tien National Park

Maala C.P. 2001
Endangered Philippine wildlife species with special reference to the Philippine eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi) and tamaraw (Bubalus mindorensis)
Journal of International Development and Cooperation 8: 1-17

The Philippine is high on the list of priority countries in the world for wildlife conservation because of its remarkable biological diversity, large number of endemic animal and plant species, inadequate wildlife protection measures, and high rate of deforestation. Of the 180 species of mammals in the Philippines, 115 (67%) are endemic. To date, 9 mammals have already been categorized as “endangered” by the International Union for the Conversation of Nature (IUCN). These are the Golden-Crowned Flying Fox, Negros Naked-Backed Fruit Bat, Philippine Tube-Nosed Fruit Bat, Panay Bushy-Tailed Cloud Rat, Ilin-Tailed Cloud Rat, Visayan Warty Pig, Calamian Hog-Deer, Visayan Spotted Deer and Tamaraw.
The Tamaraw is the small buffalo found in the island of Mindoro, south of Manila. It closely resembles the Philippine water buffalo (carabao) except for its massive horns, which grow upward and caudally forming a V. Its population is down to 300 now due to wanton destruction of its habitat and poaching. The Tamaraw Conservation Program (TCP) was established to restore the tamaraw habitat, conduct information and education campaigns, and population and habitat studies. The Philippine eagle is the largest bird of prey in the Philippines and, perhaps, one of the largest in the world. They used to be seen in large number in dipterocarp forests but because of illegal logging, agricultural practices and collection for illegal trade, only around 300 Philippine eagles are left in the country today. The Philippine Raptors Conservation Program (PRCP), Center for Philippine Raptors (CPR) and the Philippine Eagle Conservation Foundation, Inc. (PECFI) were established to protect the Philippine eagle and other endangered birds of prey and their habitats.

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