Srikosamatara S., Suteethorn V. 1995.
Populations of gaur and banteng and their management in Thailand
Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 43: 55-83.
The populations of gaur and banteng in Thailand are estimated using data from the authors’ research in Thung Yai and Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Santuaries, from research in Khao Yai National Park , and from brief surveys and available publications during the last 4-5 years. It is estimated that there are about 915 gaur and 470 banteng in the protected areas of Thailand. There are no gaur and banteng outside protected areas. The most important area for gaur and banteng conservation in Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary with total populations of about 290 gaur and 290 banteng. There has been at least a 60% reduction in the population of gaur and 80% reduction in the population of banteng in Thailand during the last 20 years. Banteng in Thailand are more prone to extirpation than gaur and both are more threatened than elephant. The practice of keeping gaur and banteng tropies encourages poaching with in protected areas. The tropies in Bangkok registered at the Royal Thai Forest Departement in 1994 were equivalent to 967 gaur and 1840 banteng. A public campaign against the tradition of keeping gaur and banteng horns for trophies should be initiated by the gouvernment and conservation NGOs, combined with a good system for registering already acquired horns. More active management should involve regular patrolling in protected areas, strong law enforcement, and a strong program for regulating the number of guns owned by local people.
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